This is one of the main pests that our plants suffer from. Almost all plants suffer from its attack from the plants we have in the garden, in the window or inside the house.
Everyone knows about aphids, since this pest spreads all over the world and appears especially when plants are in full development, that is, when the stems are tender and can prick their mouths on the plant’s juicy sage.
There are numerous species of aphids, many of which are so specialized that they only attack one family or one specific crop, for example the aphid that attacks corn, will never appear on oleanders.
The damages they produce are deformation of the leaves and stems, they attract fungus like the bold, produced by the molasses they produce when expelling the excess sugars on the leaves and the virus, because when they bite an infected plant and when they bite ours, they inject the virus.
These small bugs reproduce very easily, since the females are able to reproduce without having to copulate, creating copies of themselves. They arrive with what is known in agriculture as “the flight of the aphid” when, winged females arrive at the plant reproducing and creating a colony of aphids in less than a week. This occurs in spring and autumn, when the plants give their first tug. Then as summer or winter arrives, this pest disappears so it is no longer a problem.
For weak aphid attacks, removing the affected part is enough. Although many times it is the ladybugs themselves who are responsible for eliminating them. When the aphids are not eliminated and the attack becomes serious, it can be treated with a systemic insecticide. Otherwise, a less aggressive solution can be used, such as spraying the plants with soapy water or spraying boiled water with cigarette nozzles.